Doing Research
Research Flow Chart • Online Research • Traditional Research • Becoming Familiar with the Process


THE RESEARCH PROCESS

 

This flow map outlines the sequence of steps required for researching and writing a report.
Your teacher may require all or some of the steps.
Click the link below for a printable version of the Research Paper Flow Map
Here at Reed, we offer two different approaches to this process
  1. Traditional Research: This approach uses printed forms to organize research, record sources and take notes, which the student completes by hand. Click here to download and print Note Cards, Source Information Sheet, Source Slips, Works Cited Format, Research Time Mangagement, and other forms related to research.
  2. Online Research: This approach uses an online research tool called NoodleTools, allowing the student to organize their research, record their sources and take notes on line. Students must have access to the Internet, and create an account before using NoodleTools.

Become Familiar With the Process

You must be familiar with the process so you can easily work your way through any research project your teacher assigns. The research process has 8 parts:

1. PRE SEARCH – A pre-search is when you gather information that helps you become familiar with your topic. A good place to start a pre search is an encyclopedia (print or online).  Pay attention to the way the article(s) are organized and the sub-topics it uses. This will be helpful when you are organizing your own information, what you want to concentrate on, and making an outline.

2. GATHER YOUR SOURCES - Start gathering your sources, making sure you use a variety of types, print and electronic. Enter each source you intend to use in NoodleTools, or on a source slip (if you need source slips, click on the Traditional Research link above to print them). You need a source slip for any information or picture you use from books, websites, database, etc. There are different source slips for different types of sources: book, reference, database/periodical, web site, and electronic media. NoodleTools users may find the source slips handy to record the information initially, and then transfer to NoodleTools later.

3.  READ and TAKE NOTES – Your teacher will either provide you with sub-topics, or you may create your own. Sub-Topics for a report are much like chapters in a book. You need these in advance so you know what to look for in your source. Reading for information is NOT the same as reading fiction. You don’t need to read everything! Skim the source to find the information you need for the project. Keep your sub-topics in mind while you are skimming.  When you find some useful information that relates to a sub-topic, you record it on a note card. 

4. ORGANIZE NOTE CARDS 

In NoodleTools you will create an outline from your sub-topics, then drag each note card to the sub-topic it is associated with. Then you can put the note cards in the order you will use them when writing your paper. When you print from the outline, your note cards will be in the order you put them in. 

In Traditional Research, separate the note cards by sub-topic (what you wrote on the line between the two circles). For each sub-topic, lay the cards out on the table or floor and put them in the order you will use them when writing your report. Gather all the note cards together, then number them in the circle in the upper left corner, so if they get out of order, you can easily return them to the order you put them in.

5. ROUGH DRAFT – Write rough draft from your note cards.

6. EDIT AND REVISE – Your teacher may have you peer edit your rough drafts looking for spelling and grammar errors, and making sure your writing makes sense.

7.  FINAL COPY - Make sure your final report is complete by including all additional elements as required by your teacher.

8.  WORKS CITED - In NoodleTools, you can simply print your works cited. NoodleTools will automatically format it for you. In Traditional Research, gather your source slips, alphabetize them, then complete a Works Cited according to the Reed Works Cited Format, which you can download and print by clicking on the Traditional Research link above.



Ċ
Mark Bobrosky,
Jul 4, 2013, 2:05 PM